Tuesday, 25 August 2015



CEREBRAL PALSY

Image result for cerebral palsy
  • cerebral palsy is a term used to describe a broad spectrum of motor disability which is non progressive and is caused by damage to brain at or around birth.
  • Cerebral palsy is a term which encompasses a set of neurological conditions that cause physical disability in human development - they affect the brain and nervous system. The word cerebral refers to the area in the brain that is affected, while palsy means complete or partial muscle paralysis, frequently accompanied by loss of sensation and uncontrollable body movements or tremors. Cerebral means related to the brain or cerebrum. Cerebrum is a Latin word meaning "brain; top of the head, skull". In the English language the cerebrum is the anterior (front) portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; it is the dominant part of the brain in humans.  
  • causes: 
  1. antenatal causes
  2. neonatal causes
  3. postnatal causes
  • types of cerebral palsy


Image result for cerebral palsy
  1. spastic cerebral palsy 
  2. ataxic verebral palsy
  3. athetoid cerebral palsy
  • reflex testing:
  • autonomic reaction:
  1. moro's reaction:  
Image result for moro reflex

  2. landau's reaction:
Image result for landau reflex 
3. gallants trunk incurvatum:
4.parachute reflex :
                               Image result for parachute reflex





Thursday, 20 August 2015

LIST OF CONGENITAL PHYSICAL DEFORMITIES

  • CEREBRAL PALSY
  • CONGENITAL TELIPES EQINO VARUS
  • CONGENITAL DISLOCATION OF HIP
  • SPRENGEL'S SHOYLDER
  • HEMIVERTEBRA
  • SPONDYLOLYSIS
  • SPONDYLOLISTHESIS
  • BLOCK VERTEBRA
  • HEMIVERTEBRA
  • DIASTEMATOMYELIA
  • MADELUNG'S DEFORMITY
  • CONGENITAL RADIO-ULNAR SYNOSTOSIS
  • PHOTOCOMELIA
  • POLYDACTYLY
  • SYNDACTYLY
  • CONGENITAL COXA VARA
  • CONGENITAL SHORT FEMURE
  • CONGENITAL PSEUDARTHROSIS OF THE TIBIA
  • CLUB FOOT
  • ROCKER BOTTOM FOOT